Benefits of A.I:
- It is the only form of mating that allows efficient control of venereal diseases.
- It is the most economical method of mating which can be applied. It eliminates purchase of expensive bulls and maintenance costs and prevents possible losses of bulls.
- It is the most efficient technique of cattle improvement. One bull can procreate 500 to 8000 progeny per annum while natural servicing provides a mere 30 to 40 progeny per annum.
- Adequate progeny is procreated for a reliable evaluation to be made of the breeding value of a bull at a relatively young age.
- It necessitates accurate record-holding and a high level of management, resulting in a high degree of efficiency.
- Proven bulls are seldom sold, and their frozen semen can be distributed world-wide.
- The semen of outstanding bulls can be stored for years and thus used for subsequent breeding programmes.
Disadvantages of A.I are as follows:
- Venereal diseases can be distributed rapidly as a result of incorrect or negligent handling of A.I. because more cows are involved.
- Undesirable characteristics and heritable deficiencies are transferred to more progeny and
- The possibility of in-breeding is much greater than with natural servicing.
You might also be interested in the following PDF guide Goat farming as a Business Download now. Feel free to copy and share this with your friends and family.