Merits and Demerits of Artificial Insemination (A.I) in Livestock

Artificial Insemination in a Cow

Artificial Insemination in a Cow

Benefits of A.I:

  1. It is the only form of mating that allows efficient control of venereal diseases.
  2. It is the most economical method of mating which can be applied. It eliminates purchase of expensive bulls and maintenance costs and prevents possible losses of bulls.
  3. It is the most efficient technique of cattle improvement. One bull can procreate 500 to 8000 progeny per annum while natural servicing provides a mere 30 to 40 progeny per annum.
  4. Adequate progeny is procreated for a reliable evaluation to be made of the breeding value of a bull at a relatively young age.
  5. It necessitates accurate record-holding and a high level of management, resulting in a high degree of efficiency.
  6. Proven bulls are seldom sold, and their frozen semen can be distributed world-wide.
  7. The semen of outstanding bulls can be stored for years and thus used for subsequent breeding programmes.

Disadvantages of A.I are as follows:

  1. Venereal diseases can be distributed rapidly as a result of incorrect or negligent handling of A.I. because more cows are involved.
  2. Undesirable characteristics and heritable deficiencies are transferred to more progeny and
  3. The possibility of in-breeding is much greater than with natural servicing.

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